Milk Supply Agreements

The Dairy Industry Code of Conduct

The Dairy Industry Code of Conduct (also known as the Mandatory Code, or the Code) aims to improve the clarity and transparency of trading arrangements between dairy farmers and processors.

Under the Code, which came into effect on 1 January 2020, dairy farmers and processors are given specific protections and obligations.

All Milk Supply Agreements (MSAs) between suppliers and processors that are created, varied or renewed this year are subject to the Code. All MSAs, no matter when they were entered into, must be compliant with the Code from 1 January 2021.

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) is responsible for enforcement of the Code and investigates alleged breaches.

The ACCC has developed a fact sheet intended to help dairy farmers understand their rights and obligations under the Code.

Click here to find the ACCC factsheet: ‘What the dairy code means for farmers’.

Farmer’s Guide to Milk Supply Agreements and the Dairy Industry Code of Conduct

Under the Dairy Industry Code of Conduct (the Code), there are specific requirements for all Milk Supply Agreements (MSAs). The Farmer’s Guide to Milk Supply Agreements and the Dairy Industry Code of Conduct is now available to farmers to help distil the terms of the Code, and to make contract negotiations with processors easier and more transparent.

Developed by Dairy Australia, with contributions from industry partners, the guide includes step-by-step Milk Supply Agreement Checklists and Talking points for contract discussions which farmers can use to work through important legal and operational considerations for their business. These resources can be used in conjunction with templates developed by ADF and ADPF.

Click to download the following resources:

  • Milk Supply Agreement Checklist 1 is designed to help farmers interpret the Dairy Industry Code of Conduct and outlines the considerations for a Milk Supply Agreement required under the Code such as contract timelines, milk quality, quantity and testing requirements, milk testing procedures, pricing and additional payments, handbooks, and roles and responsibilities of the supplier and processor. This step-by-step checklist outlines an objective list of terms that must be incorporated in a milk supply agreement to be compliant. It is designed to provide clarity on the terms of the Code, new terminology in milk supply agreements and suppliers’ rights and responsibilities.

  • Milk Supply Agreement Checklist 2 builds on to checklist 1 with considerations for Milk Supply Agreements beyond the requirements of the Code, including ownership and transport arrangements, payment system, insurance, testing regimes, milk defects, guarantees and indemnities, termination clauses and contract variations.This step-by-step checklist is designed to give farmers confidence about putting an arrangement in place that best suits their business.

  • Talking points for contract discussions incorporates a list of talking points and questions that farmers may want to use as a prompt when negotiating contracts with processors. With so many aspects to consider, the talking points help farmers work systematically through different options and make the right choice for their business. This resource can help to ensure that suppliers and processors are fully informed about the agreement and aligned on contract terms and expectations.

    The guide is the first step in a broader project to drive improved profit margins in dairy businesses, with resources and extension programs to come. It will complement any future tools developed by processors to enhance milk price transparency.

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This project is supported by the Department of Agriculture, through funding from the Australian Government.

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